Flora and Fauna of Sierra Leone

Flora: the plant life in Sierra Leone is very diverse with Savannah grasslands, to bush vegetation; to swamplands; to rainforests. Some of the trees that the country is famous for is African teak, the Khaya - which is better known as the African mahogany - and fire-resistant palm tree.

Fauna: Sierra Leone has a limited but exotic fauna. While the swamps and marshlands are populated with crocodiles and hippopotamus; chimpanzees, Diana monkeys, red colobus, wild dogs, African elephants, African golden cat, Buettikofer's epauletted fruit bats, Jentink's duikers, lions, pygmy spotted-necked otters, West African manatees and zebra duikers dot the other vregions of the land. Avian fauna of the country of Sierra Leone includes the emerald cuckoo, which is considered to be one of the most beautiful birds in the world. Other birds include Senegal firefinch, bulbuls, little African swifts, didric cuckoos, bronze manakins and cattle egrets.

There are approximately 147 known species of wild mammals within Sierra Leone.Members of fourteen orders of placental mammals inhabit Sierra Leone. The endangered Pygmy Hippopotamus has territories around the islands on the Moa River and is widespread in the Gola Forest area. There are three species of wild pig that occur across Sierra Leone Wart Hog, the Giant Forest Hog and the Red River Hog.
Sierra Leone has 15 identified species of primates that include bushbaby, monkeys and a great ape, the Common Chimpanzee which is Sierra Leone's largest primate.Chimpanzees are found across the country with the 2010 chimpanzee census estimated a wild population in excess of 5500 more than double the number previously thought to live in the country. This is the second largest population of the endangered subspecies of Western chimpanzee, after Guinea, with the largest density in the Loma area, 2.69 individuals per km2, and the Outamba, with 1.21 individuals per km2.
There are several species of whales and the African Manatee in the waters of Sierra Leone. The Manatee is an endangered species and lives in the rivers and estuaries of Sierra Leone especially around Bonthe.

Mammals found in Sierra Leone include:
Hippopotamus
African Bush Elephant
Bongo antelope

White-necked picathartes

white-necked picathartes bird

Mammals

chimpanzee

Chimpanzees

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